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 Words that you don't see everyday

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Sun Jul 18, 2010 2:13 am

folderol

PRONUNCIATION:
(FOL-duh-rol)

MEANING:
noun:
1. Nonsense; foolishness.
2. A trifle; gewgaw.


ETYMOLOGY:
From a nonsense refrain in some old songs. The word is also spelled as falderal.


USAGE:
"Canonisation is a slow business in the Catholic church: all that folderol about miracles and devil's advocates."
John Sutherland; What's Wrong With Teaching Rap in Schools?; The Guardian (London, UK); Jul 5, 2004.

Explore "folderol" in the Visual Thesaurus.


A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"Faith" is a fine invention / For gentlemen who see -- / But microscopes are prudent / In an emergency. -Emily Dickinson, poet (1830-1886)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Sun Jul 18, 2010 2:14 am

risible

PRONUNCIATION:
(RIZ-uh-buhl)

MEANING:
adjective:
1. Laughable; ludicrous.
2. Disposed to laugh.
3. Relating to laughter.


ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin risus, past participle of ridere (to laugh). Other words that share the same root are ridiculous, deride, rident, and riant.


USAGE:
"The judge said that John Harrison's statement in which he said he found it hard to get up in the morning was risible."
Drug Dealer Told to Expect Lengthy Time Behind Bars; The Medway Messenger (UK); Jul 2, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Gold in its native state is but dull, unornamental stuff, and only lowborn metals excite the admiration of the ignorant with an ostentatious glitter. However, like the rest of the world, I still go on underrating men of gold and glorifying men of mica. -Mark Twain, author and humorist (1835-1910)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Sun Jul 18, 2010 2:14 am

equipoise

PRONUNCIATION:
(EE-kwuh-poiz, EK-wuh-)

MEANING:
noun: 1. A state of balance. 2. Something that serves as a counterbalance.
verb tr.: To counterbalance.


ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin aequi- (equal) + Old French pois (weight), from Latin pendere (to weigh). Ultimately from the Indo-European root (s)pen- (to draw, to spin), which is also the source of pendulum, spider, pound, pansy, pendant, ponder, appendix, penthouse, depend, and spontaneous.


USAGE:
"In his [Denzel Washington's] luminous portrait, dignity and destructiveness find a perfect equipoise."
John Lahr; Theatre: Wheels of Misfortune; The New Yorker; May 10, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Conscience is a man's compass, and though the needle sometimes deviates, though one often perceives irregularities when directing one's course by it, one must still try to follow its direction. -Vincent van Gogh, painter (1853-1890)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Sun Jul 18, 2010 2:15 am

mephitic

PRONUNCIATION:
(muh-FIT-ik)

MEANING:
adjective: Poisonous or foul-smelling.


ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin mephitis (foul smell).


USAGE:
"Jack Black is a sterling example of the actor who starts out seeming like a breath of fresh air, and then turns into something stale, fetid, mephitic, nauseating."
Joe Queenan; Do You Remember When Jack Black Was Funny?; The Guardian (London, UK); Oct 9, 2009.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Like cars in amusement parks, our direction is often determined through collisions. -Yahia Lababidi, author (b. 1973)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Tue Jul 20, 2010 3:21 pm

contumely

PRONUNCIATION:
(KON-too-muh-lee, kuhn-TOO-muh-lee, KON-tuhm-lee, -tyoo-, -tyoom-) MEANING:
noun: Contemptuous or insulting treatment arising from arrogance.

ETYMOLOGY:
Via French from Latin contumelia (insult), probably from con- (with) + tumere (to swell).

USAGE:
"Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot was greeted mostly with boos, bafflement, and contumely when it was first seen in 1955."
Robert Gore-Langton; Wating for Godot vs Legally Blonde; The Daily Telegraph (London, UK); Jan 21, 2010.

"For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
Th' oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely?"
William Shakespeare; Hamlet; c. 1600.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind. Absolve you to yourself, and you shall have the suffrage of the world. -Ralph Waldo Emerson, writer and philosopher (1803-1882)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Tue Jul 20, 2010 3:21 pm

panegyric

PRONUNCIATION:
(pan-i-JIR-ik, -JY-rik) MEANING:
noun: A formal or elaborate oration in praise of someone or something; eulogy.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin panegyricus, from Greek panegyrikos (of or for an assembly), from paneguris (public assembly), from pan- (all) + aguris (assembly, marketplace). Ultimately from the Indo-European root ger- (to gather) that is also the source of gregarious, aggregate, congregation, egregious, and segregate.

USAGE:
"Gov. George Pataki's 10th State of the State speech yesterday was more a panegyric to freedom and security than a rousing promise to fix what's clearly wrong with New York's government."
A Real State of New York; The New York Times; Jan 8, 2004.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
We are all of us more or less echoes, repeating involuntarily the virtues, the defects, the movements, and the characters of those among whom we live. -Joseph Joubert, essayist (1754-1824)

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Ý an lành là Rễ
Lời an lành là Hoa
Việc làm tốt lành là Quả
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Wed Jul 21, 2010 5:10 pm

nebbish

PRONUNCIATION:
(NEB-ish) MEANING:
noun: A pitifully timid or ineffectual person.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Yiddish nebekh (poor, unfortunate), of Slavic origin. Ultimately from the Indo-European root bhag- (to share) that is also the source of baksheesh, Sanskrit bhagya (good fortune), and words related to -phagy (eating), such as onychophagia and xerophagy.

USAGE:
"Nebbish son-in-law Lando must stand up to his shrewish wife Tiffany."
David Schmeichel; Greed is Good at Celebrations; Winnipeg Sun (Canada); Apr 4, 2007.

Explore "nebbish" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
They are happy men whose natures sort with their vocations. -Francis Bacon, essayist, philosopher, and statesman (1561-1626)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Thu Jul 22, 2010 8:03 pm

gloaming

PRONUNCIATION:
(GLO-ming) MEANING:
noun: Twilight; dusk.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Middle English gloming, from Old English glomung, from glom (dusk). Ultimately from the Indo-European root ghel- (to shine), which is also the source of words such as yellow, gold, glimmer, glimpse, glass, arsenic, melancholy, and cholera.

USAGE:
"The book is a marked departure from previous (Robert) Harris works set in the chill gloaming of mid-20th-century European history, an era that has fascinated him since he was a child."
Alan Cowell; A Writer's Allegories For Today; International Herald Tribune (Paris, France); Nov 18, 2003.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
I once met a man who had forgiven an injury. I hope some day to meet the man who has forgiven an insult. -Charles Buxton, brewer, philanthropist, writer, and politician (1823-1871)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Fri Jul 23, 2010 1:20 pm

beggar

PRONUNCIATION:
(BEG-uhr) MEANING:
verb tr.:
1. To exhaust the resources or ability; to defy.
2. To impoverish.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Middle English beggare, beggere, from beggen (to beg).

USAGE:
"Geraldine Feeney said the story told by Mr Boyle beggared belief. 'If I heard him right, a 26-year-old is in a mental institution for five years because someone belonging to her thinks she will be promiscuous if she is out in the world.'"
Jimmy Walsh; Call for Review of Psychiatric 'Detention'; The Irish Times (Dublin); Jun 23, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Pride, like laudanum and other poisonous medicines, is beneficial in small, though injurious in large, quantities. No man who is not pleased with himself, even in a personal sense, can please others. -Frederick Saunders, librarian and essayist (1807-1902)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Tue Jul 27, 2010 4:11 pm

artificer

PRONUNCIATION:
(ahr-TIF-uh-suhr) MEANING:
noun:
1. An inventor.
2. A craftsperson.
3. A mechanic in the armed forces.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin artificium (craftsmanship, art), from art + facere (to make).

USAGE:
"The artificer turns a little sadly to his king: 'One day, I hope mankind will find a peaceful use for my invention,' he says."
Tom Lubbock; Flights of Fantasy; The Independent (London, UK); Sep 18, 2006.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Nothing which does not transport is poetry. The lyre is a winged instrument. -Joseph Joubert, essayist (1754-1824)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Tue Jul 27, 2010 4:11 pm

noisome

PRONUNCIATION:
(NOI-suhm) MEANING:
adjective:
1. Offensive, especially to the sense of smell.
2. Harmful; noxious.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Middle English noy (short of annoy), via French, from Latin inodiare (to make hateful), from in- (intensive prefix) + odium (hate).

USAGE:
"Phasing out of noisome exhausts on motorbikes should be handled seriously and urgently."
ESG Response; Gibraltar Chronicle; Nov 28, 2009.

"The anti-social behaviour order, or Asbo, has helped to bring some relief to hard-pressed communities plagued by noisome neighbours and menacing yobs."
Making Justice Swifter; The Daily Telegraph (London, UK); Oct 8, 2009.

Explore "noisome" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
One man meets an infamous punishment for that crime which confers a diadem upon another. -Juvenal, poet (c. 60-140)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 02, 2010 1:48 pm

psychopomp

PRONUNCIATION:
(SY-ko-pomp) MEANING:
noun: A guide of souls, one who escorts soul of a newly-deceased to the afterlife.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Greek psychopompos (conductor of souls), from psycho-, from psyche (breath, spirit, soul) + pompos (conductor, guide).

USAGE:
"Harold Bloom here presents himself as a mystagogue and a soothsayer, a psychopomp of our times, conducting souls into unknown territories."
Marina Warner; Where Angels Tread; The Washington Post; Sep 15, 1996.

Explore "psychopomp" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Some men of a secluded and studious life have sent forth from their closet or their cloister, rays of intellectual light that have agitated courts and revolutionized kingdoms; like the moon which, though far removed from the ocean, and shining upon it with a serene and sober light, is the chief cause of all those ebbings and flowings which incessantly disturb that restless world of waters. -Charles Caleb Colton, author and clergyman (1780-1832)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 02, 2010 1:49 pm

fulsome

PRONUNCIATION:
(FUL-suhm) MEANING:
adjective:
1. Effusive; lavish.
2. Excessive to the point of being offensive.

ETYMOLOGY:
A combination of the words full and -some (having a particular quality).

NOTES:
Does the word fulsome have a positive connotation or negative? Depends on whom you ask. The word started out in mid 13th century as a straightforward, unambiguous word to describe abundance. By the 17th century, it had acquired a deprecatory sense, as in the second sense listed above. Then, again, it went around the bend and in the 20th century the positive sense of the word become more common. Language purists continue to stick with the second sense, while others use the word in its first sense. What to do? Avoid it, unless context is clear, as in the two usage examples below.

USAGE:
"Dacres offered Hull fulsome compliments on the courage and performance of his men."
Ian W. Toll; Blood Brothers; The Economist (London, UK); Nov 4, 2006.

"One tires of the fulsome endorsement, the blizzard of exclamation points, the arch locutions."
Daniel Aaron; Belle du Jour; The New Republic (Washington, DC); Feb 2, 1998.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
I hate with a murderous hatred those men who, having lived their youth, would send into war other youth, not lived, unfulfilled, to fight and die for them; the pride and cowardice of those old men, making their wars that boys must die. -Mary Roberts Rinehart, novelist (1876-1958)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 02, 2010 1:49 pm

meretricious

PRONUNCIATION:
(mer-i-TRISH-uhs) MEANING:
adjective:
1. Appealing in a cheap or showy manner: tawdry.
2. Based on pretense or insincerity.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin meretricius, meretrix (prostitute), from merere (to earn money).

USAGE:
"For most of the 20th century John Singer Sargent's skills as a portraitist were deemed to be meretricious."
Waldemar Januszczak; A Dirty Old Man And the Sea?; The Sunday Times (London, UK); Jul 11, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Morality is the custom of one's country and the current feeling of one's peers. Cannibalism is moral in a cannibal country. -Samuel Butler, writer (1835-1902)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 02, 2010 1:51 pm

Mark Twain once said, "When angry, count to four; when very angry, swear." While swearing is considered uncouth and vulgar, it has its place and purpose. It helps provide an emotional release and clears the system. Isn't a verbal venting of emotions better than a physical manifestation?
You don't have to rely on those worn-out four-letter terms to inflict rude remarks on the offending party. With a careful selection of words, it's possible to elevate insults to an art form. Why not use this week's select words for one of those times when nothing less will do?
But remember, everything in moderation.

troglodyte

PRONUNCIATION:

(TROG-luh-dyt) MEANING:
noun:
1. Someone who is brutish, reactionary, or primitive.
2. A cave dweller.
3. An animal that lives underground.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin troglodytae (cave dwellers), from Greek troglodytai, from trogle (hole) + dyein (to enter).

USAGE:
"The recruitment officer was a mean-looking troglodyte who squatted behind his desk licking his lips and cracking his knuckles."
Ben Trovato; It's a Sad Day When Not Even the Army Wants You; The Times (Johannesburg, South Africa); Jan 17, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
A man should live with his superiors as he does with his fire: not too near, lest he burn; nor too far off, lest he freeze. -Diogenes, philosopher (412?-323 BCE)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Tue Aug 03, 2010 1:38 pm

puerile

PRONUNCIATION:
(PYOO-uhr-il, -uh-ryl, PYOOR-il, -yl) MEANING:
adjective:
1. Immature; silly; childish.
2. Relating to childhood.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin puer (boy). Ultimately from the Indo-European root pau- (few, little), which is also the source of paucity, few, foal, filly, pony, pullet, poultry, pupa, poor, pauper, poco, and Sanskrit putra (son).

USAGE:
"An Australian friend recently jolted me with an apparently aesthetic but obviously puerile suggestion, 'Mate, can we amend this burqa ban so that only ugly women are required to wear them while the good-looking ones are mandated to wear bikinis?' He was referring to the boiling controversy in Europe over the body-covering burqa."
Chan Akya; Burqa Over the Bastille; Asia Times (Hong Kong); Jul 24, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
In youth we feel richer for every new illusion; in maturer years, for every one we lose. -Madame Anne Sophie Swetchine, mystic (1782-1857)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 09, 2010 1:48 pm

odoriferous

PRONUNCIATION:
(o-duh-RIF-uhr-uhs) MEANING:
adjective:
1. Giving off an odor.
2. Morally offensive.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin odor + -ferous (bearing), from ferre (to bear).

USAGE:
"Boys are fully aware of their odoriferous ways and are reluctant to change without the proper inspiration."
Curtis Weber; When Guiding Boys, Better to Open Your Heart Than Follow Your Nose; Kansas City Star; Mar 12, 2010.

"It's dead certain that when Arnold Schwarzenegger walks out of the governor's Capitol office next January, he'll leave the odoriferous budget mess behind."
Dan Walters; Candidates All Agree on Silence; Sacramento Bee (California); Mar 14, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Poetry, indeed, cannot be translated; and, therefore, it is the poets that preserve the languages; for we would not be at the trouble to learn a language if we could have all that is written in it just as well in a translation. But as the beauties of poetry cannot be preserved in any language except that in which it was originally written, we learn the language. -Samuel Johnson, lexicographer (1709-1784)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 09, 2010 1:49 pm

jejune

PRONUNCIATION:
(ji-JOON) MEANING:
adjective:
1. Dull; insipid.
2. Lacking maturity; juvenile.
3. Lacking in nutrition.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin jejunus (empty, hungry, fasting, meager). A related word is jejunum, the middle part of the small intestine. It was so called because it was usually found empty after death.

USAGE:
"Some songs are inspired and done with a knowing sense of irony. Others are jaw-droppingly jejune."
John Doyle; Glee's Back; Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada); Apr 13, 2010.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
How easy to be amiable in the midst of happiness and success. -Madame Anne Sophie Swetchine, mystic (1782-1857)

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Tâm hồn an lành là một Mảnh Vườn
Ý an lành là Rễ
Lời an lành là Hoa
Việc làm tốt lành là Quả
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 09, 2010 1:49 pm

vainglorious

PRONUNCIATION:
(vayn-GLOR-ee-uhs) MEANING:
adjective: Filled with, exhibiting, or proceeding from excessive pride, especially in one's achievements or abilities.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Latin vana gloria (empty pride), from vana, feminine of vanus (empty) + gloria (pride, glory).

USAGE:
"But some see James Cameron as a vainglorious auteur and seek to puncture his perceived pretension."
Nick Watt; Is the 'Avatar' Movie Making Viewers Nauseous?; ABC News (New York); Dec 18, 2009.

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A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Truth, in matters of religion, is simply the opinion that has survived. -Oscar Wilde, writer (1854-1900)

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Ý an lành là Rễ
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Việc làm tốt lành là Quả
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 09, 2010 1:52 pm

The planet is getting warmer. Glaciers are melting. Then and now pictures leave no doubt about the severity of the problem. When glaciers retreat, they carve out landforms in all kinds of shapes and sizes.
In this week's words we take the time to explore some of the formations resulting from the glacial melt. These words derive from languages that are as varied -- Irish, French, and Norwegian -- as the diversity of the forms sculpted by the glaciers.
drumlin

PRONUNCIATION:
(DRUM-lin) MEANING:
noun: A long, narrow, whale-shaped hill of gravel, rock, and clay debris, formed by the movement of a glacier.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Irish druim (back, ridge) + -lin, a variant of -ling (a diminutive suffix, as in duckling).

USAGE:
"The bluffs are actually the ends of drumlins, the elongated hills shaped centuries ago by retreating glaciers. Drumlins are common in Western New York, but almost all are covered with trees, shrubs, grapevines, and other vegetation."
Martin Naparsteck; Lake Ontario Exposes Natural Wonders; The Buffalo News (New York); Jun 13, 2010.

Explore "drumlin" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Poetry is the art of saying what you mean but disguising it. -Diane Wakoski, poet (b. 1937)

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Ý an lành là Rễ
Lời an lành là Hoa
Việc làm tốt lành là Quả
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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 16, 2010 5:20 pm

moraine


PRONUNCIATION:(muh-RAYN) MEANING:
noun: An accumulation of boulders, gravel, or other debris carried and deposited by a glacier.

ETYMOLOGY:
From French moraine, from Savoy dialect morena (mound).

USAGE:
"Professor Shulmeister's team believes a large landslide dumped a huge volume of rock on top of the glacier, causing it to advance and, when the advance stopped, the moraine was created."
Angela Gregory; Glacial Find Pours Cold Water on World Theory; The New Zealand Herald (Auckland); Jun 30, 2008.

Explore "moraine" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Animals give me more pleasure through the viewfinder of a camera than they ever did in the crosshairs of a gunsight. And after I've finished "shooting", my unharmed victims are still around for others to enjoy. -Jimmy Stewart, actor (1908-1997)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 16, 2010 5:20 pm

esker

PRONUNCIATION:
(ES-kuhr) MEANING:
noun: A long, narrow ridge of gravel and sand deposited by a stream flowing in or under a retreating glacier.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Irish eiscir (ridge of gravel).

USAGE:
"Skiing the moraine is always a seminar in geology, but this particular jumble of drumlins and eskers -- characteristic landforms left by restless glaciation -- puts it in a nutshell. My Grade 11 geography teacher likened an esker to the mess left by a drunk simultaneously walking backward and throwing up."
John Barber; Ski Country, Without the Traffic Jams; The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada); Dec 6, 2008.

Explore "esker" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Oh, threats of hell and hopes of paradise! / One thing at least is certain -- this life flies; / One thing is certain, and the rest is lies; / The flower that once has blown forever dies. -Omar Khayyam, poet, mathematician, philosopher, astronomer, and physician (1048-1131)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 16, 2010 5:22 pm

fjord or fiord

PRONUNCIATION:
(fyord) MEANING:
noun: A long, narrow inlet of the sea, bordered by steep cliffs, and carved by glacial action.

ETYMOLOGY:
From Norwegian fjord, from Old Norse. Ultimately from the Indo-European root per- (to lead, pass over), which also gave us support, comport, petroleum, sport, passport, colporteur (a peddler of religious books), Swedish fartlek (a training technique), rapporteur, and Sanskrit parvat (mountain).

USAGE:
"Fiordland is most celebrated for the 14 fjords that slash into its coastline, carved by glaciers from erosion-proof granite more than 10,000 years ago."
Alex Hutchinson; In Frodo's Footsteps; The New York Times; Jul 29, 2010.

Explore "fjord" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
The past, -- well, it's just like / our Great-Aunt Laura, / who cannot or will not perceive / that though she is welcome, / and though we adore her, / yet now it is time to leave. -Piet Hein, poet and scientist (1905-1996)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 16, 2010 5:22 pm

cirque

PRONUNCIATION:
(suhrk) MEANING:
noun:
1. A bowl-shaped semicircular mountain basin carved by glacial erosion. Also called cwm.
2. A ring; a circle.

ETYMOLOGY:
Via French from Latin circus (circle). Ultimately from the Indo-European root sker- (to turn or bend) which is also the source of other words such as ranch, rank, shrink, circle, crisp, search, ring, curb, ridge, curve, and circa.

USAGE:
"In the Snowies, cirques only occur on sheltered mountain faces where the snow first fell and slowly compacted into glacial ice."
Peter Veness; Australia: Peak-Time Perfection Just Across the Ditch; The New Zealand Herald (Auckland); Feb 22, 2009.

Explore "cirque" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
The World is divided into armed camps ready to commit genocide just because we can't agree on whose fairy tales to believe. -Ed Krebs, photographer (b. 1951)

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Bài gửiTiêu đề: Re: Words that you don't see everyday   Mon Aug 16, 2010 5:23 pm

In Indian mythology, Ganesha, the rotund god regarded as the remover of all obstacles, sports the head of an elephant. It wasn't always like this.
According to the story he was born a regular boy with a regular head. Something he did annoyed his father, Shiva, so much that he chopped his son's head off. Later when it came out that it wasn't the poor boy's fault, the father had the head replaced with that of an elephant.
It's unclear why an all-knowing god couldn't figure out the truth in the first place without needing to decapitate someone. It's also not clear why an all-powerful god couldn't reinstate the original head instead of having to sacrifice a pachyderm. But gods are like that. They fall apart as you begin to consider things logically, no matter what the religion.
This week's words look somewhat like Ganesha before the restoration job. They appear beheaded (some more than others), though they can survive like this too. Your role is that of Lord Shiva. Can you find a letter for each word to rehead it?
estival or aestival

PRONUNCIATION:
(ES-ti-vuhl) MEANING:
adjective: Relating to or occurring in summer.

ETYMOLOGY:
Via French from Latin aestivus (of or relating to summer).

USAGE:
"Ms. Croghan confides that she is sometimes known as a battle ax, both to locals and estival visitors."
Joanne Kaufman; Prep Work; The New York Times; Apr 25, 2008.

Explore "estival" in the Visual Thesaurus.

A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
Familiarity is a magician that is cruel to beauty but kind to ugliness. -Ouida [pen name of Marie Louise de la Ramee], novelist (1839-1908)

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